Sock Information


We love socks! Socks are great clothing items. Not only do they keep your feet warm and comfortable in your shoes, but they wick away moisture and can be used to make you look good.

Please find some further information about them below, including a brief history of socks and general information.


Sock Production Facility    Sock Forms
A sock factory in the early mechanisation period   Sock forms being used to press socks for good presentation during packaging


History of Socks

The word socks is derived from  “soccus”, the Latin name for loose fitting slippers worn by Roman comic actors, over 2000 years ago.

However the earliest sock models date back further. Ancient man wrapped animal skins and tied them tight around the ankles. Further modifications included the Ancient Greeks wearing socks of malted animal hair for warmth. Roman’s also wrapped their feet with leather or woven fabrics. In the 5th century, religious individuals wore socks called puttees as a symbol of purity. 500 years later, socks became a symbol of wealth among the nobility.

In the 16th century knitting machines were invented enabling mass production of high quality socks. Knitting machines could typically produce socks six times faster than by conventional hand methods. Hand and knitted production continued until the 1800’s.

In the early 20 century, there was an invention of Nylon, a synthetic fabric enabling blended garments, further enhancing sock characteristics, including durability.


Modern Day Sock Design

Coming forward to modern times, sock science has changed remarkably.

Typically nowadays socks are either knitted or woven. In overview, they are primarily designed to provide comfort to the wearer, keep feet warm or cool, reduce resistance between the foot and footwear, protect footwear and of course be fashionable! During a day, feet produce much sweat and socks provide an excellent absorber of this moisture. 

Socks can be made from a wide variety of materials including:

·        Cotton

·        Wool

·        Nylon

·        Acrylic

·        Polyester

·        Olefin

·        Polypropylene

·        Spandex

Other materials that may be used in high quality socks for an increased softness include:

·        Silk

·        Linen

·        Cashmere

·        Mohair

There are several styles of socks, that can be broadly categorised as formal socks, casual socks and sports socks. From traditional clothing styles, the sock market largely comprises mens socks, however there is a growing trend for ladies socks.

Cotton socks are most popular type of sock, due to their good wicking ability and comfort, but other sock types offer benefits for various scenarios. For instance, cashmere socks are very soft and great for indoor usage and Wool socks have great warmth capabilities.

In recent times as we live in an age of office attire and other uniforms, socks have developed to be a popular means of expression and psycological strengthening. This can be seen in the form of colourful socks and striped socks.
Another form of expression is through wearing personalised socks and novelty socks, which evoke positive emotional responses including love, humour, pride and happy memories.


For more information about socks, check out our Blog or follow us on Facebook.